As the largest organization created by a single country to combat a single disease, the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) is a global initiative that combats HIV and AIDS. In its 15 years, PEPFAR has saved the lives of nearly 14 million people.

Creating PEPFAR

PEPFAR was started by George W. Bush in 2003 as a way of responding to the global HIV/AIDS crisis.

Initially starting its efforts in sub-Saharan Africa, PEPFAR’s goal was to provide life-saving services to countries most severely impacted by HIV and AIDS. But over the years, their mission has expanded to so much more than that and to so many more countries across the world.

PEPFAR’s Impact on the World

PEPFAR, combined with numerous other safe sex programs, has made the United States the world’s leader in HIV/AIDS prevention. Currently, PEPFAR is working in over 50 countries, has saved millions of lives, and prevented countless numbers of HIV transmissions.

Lowering Infection Rates

Studies show that PEPFAR is having a direct impact on HIV diagnoses among adolescent women. Currently, the ten African countries that have implemented PEPFAR have seen a 25 to 40 percent decrease in diagnoses of young women.

And incredibly enough, five countries (Lesotho, Malawi, Swaziland, Zambia, and Zimbabwe) have nearly gained control of their HIV epidemics, thanks to programs implemented by PEPFAR.

Delivering HIV-free Babies

With support from PEPFAR, more than 2.2 million babies were born HIV-free to mothers living with HIV or AIDS.

The Future of PEPFAR

We’re currently in phase three of PEPFAR, referred to as PEPFAR 3.0. While the first two phases focused on emergency treatment for existing HIV and AIDS patients, the ultimate goal of phase three is to control the HIV epidemic worldwide and create an AIDS-free generation. To do this, PEPFAR has five Action Agendas in place.

  • Impact Action Agenda: Focusing resources to control the epidemic.
  • Efficiency Action Agenda: Saving lives through smart investments.
  • Sustainability Action Agenda: Sharing responsibility and ensuring maximum coordination with host countries.
  • Partnership Action Agenda: Working with partners to achieve an AIDS-free generation.
  • Human Rights Action Agenda: Securing, protecting, and promoting human rights.

To learn more about HIV protection and prevention, visit CIRCLE CARE Center on the Web!